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Table 1 Species of the Sepiidae family, maximum body size (mantle length, mm) and geographical occurrences in the 16 biogeographical units

From: The geography of body size in cuttlefishes (Cephalopoda, Sepiidae)

Species Max size (mm) A B C D E F G H I J K O P Q L M
Metasepia pfefferi (Hoyle, 1885) 60.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Metasepia tullbergi (Appelöf, 1886) 70.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia aculeata Van Hasselt [in Férussac & d’Orbigny], 1835 230.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia acuminata Smith, 1916 120.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia adami Roeleveld, 1972 59.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia andreana Steenstrup, 1875 120.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia angulata Roeleveld, 1972 75.00 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia apama Gray, 1849 560.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0
Sepia appellöfi Wülker, 1910 90.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia arabica Massy, 1916 88.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia aureomaculata Okutani & Horikawa [in Okutani, Tagawa & Horikawa], 1987 160.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia australis Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 85.00 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia bandensis Adam, 1939 74.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia bathyalis Khromov, Nikitina & Nesis, 1991 80.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia bertheloti d’Orbigny [in Férussac & d’Orbigny], 1835 175.00 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia bidhaia Reid, 2000 57.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia braggi Verco, 1907 80.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Sepia brevimana Steenstrup, 1875 110.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia burnupi Hoyle, 1904 90.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia carinata Sasaki, 1920 60.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia chirotrema Berry, 1918 200.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Sepia confusa Smith, 1916 150.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia cottoni Adam, 1979 55.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0
Sepia cultrata Hoyle, 1885 120.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Sepia dollfusi Adam, 1941 122.00 1a 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia dubia Adam & Rees, 1966 22.00 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia elegans Blainville, 1827 90.00 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia elliptica Hoyle, 1885 175.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Sepia elobyana Adam, 1941 60.00 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia elongata d’Orbigny [in Férussac & d’Orbigny], 1839–1842 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia erostrata Sasaki, 1929 90.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia esculenta Hoyle, 1885 180.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia faurei Roeleveld, 1972 21.00 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia filibrachia Reid & Lu, 2005 70.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia foliopeza Okutani & Tagawa [in Okutani, Tagawa & Horikawa], 1987 110.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia furcata Ho & Lu, 2005 60.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0
Sepia gibba Ehrenberg, 1831 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia grahami Reid, 2001 82.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Sepia hedleyi Berry, 1918 113.30 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia hieronis (Robson, 1924) 70.00 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia hierredda Rang [in Férussac & d’Orbigny], 1835 500.00 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia hirunda Ho & Lu, 2005 60.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia incerta Smith, 1916 150.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia insignis Smith, 1916 60.00 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia irvingi Meyer, 1909 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia ivanovi Khromov, 1982 70.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia joubini Massy, 1927 65.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia kiensis Hoyle, 1885 37.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia kobiensis Hoyle, 1885 90.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia koilados Reid, 2000 68.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia latimanus Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 500.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
Sepia limata (Iredale, 1926) 42.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Sepia longipes Sasaki, 1913 250.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia lorigera Wülker, 1910 250.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia lycidas Gray, 1849 380.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia madokai Adam, 1939 150.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia mascarensis Filippova & Khromov, 1991 124.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia mestus Gray, 1849 140.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia mira (Cotton, 1932) 55.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia mirabilis Khromov, 1988 70.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia murrayi Adam & Rees, 1966 45.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia novaehollandiae Hoyle, 1909 168.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Sepia officinalis Linnaeus, 1758 490.00 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia omani Adam & Rees, 1966 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia opipara (Iredale, 1926) 150.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0
Sepia orbignyana Férussac [in d’Orbigny], 1826 120.00 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia papillata Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 140.00 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia papuensis Hoyle, 1885 110.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0
Sepia pardex Sasaki, 1913 231.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia peterseni Appellöf, 1886 120.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831 430.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 1 1
Sepia plana Lu & Reid, 1997 151.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia plangon Gray, 1849 135.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia plathyconchalis Filippova & Khromov, 1991 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia prabahari Neethiselvan & Venkataramani, 2002 130.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia prashadi Winckworth, 1936 140.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia pulchra Roeleveld & Liltved, 1985 22.00 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia recurvirostra Steenstrup, 1875 170.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia reesi Adam, 1979 45.20 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Sepia rhoda (Iredale, 1954) 61.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Sepia robsoni (Massy, 1927) 20.00 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia rozella (Iredale, 1926) 141.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia savignyi Blainville, 1827 190.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia saya Khromov, Nikitina & Nesis, 1991 90.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia senta Lu & Reid, 1997 83.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia sewelli Adam & Rees, 1966 30.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia shazae Lipinski & Leslie, 2018 33.00 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia simoniana Thiele, 1920 190.00 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia smithi Hoyle, 1885 150.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia sokotriensis Khromov, 1988 80.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia stellifera Homenko & Khromov, 1984 120.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia subplana Lu & Boucher-Rodoni, 2001 60.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia subtenuipes Okutani & Horikawa [in Okutani, Tagawa & Horikawa], 1987 94.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia sulcata Hoyle, 1885 97.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia tala Khromov, Nikitina & Nesis, 1991 80.00 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia tanybracheia Reid, 2000 51.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepia tenuipes Sasaki, 1929 110.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1
Sepia thurstoni Adam & Rees, 1966 110.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia tokioensis Ortmann, 1888 90.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1
Sepia trygonina (Rochebrune, 1884) 140.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia tuberculata Lamarck, 1798 82.00 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia typica (Steenstrup, 1875) 26.00 0 0 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia vecchioni Neethiselvan & Venkataramani, 2010 140.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia vercoi Adam, 1979 53.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0
Sepia vermiculata Quoy & Gaimard, 1832 287.00 0 0 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepia vietnamica Khromov, 1987 70.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia vossi Khromov, 1996 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 0
Sepia whitleyana (Iredale, 1926) 174.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 0 0
Sepia zanzibarica Pfeffer, 1884 250.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepiella cyanea Robson, 1924 80.00 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepiella inermis (Van Hasselt [in Férussac & d’Orbigny], 1835) 125.00 0 0 0 0 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sepiella japonica Sasaki, 1929 200.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 1 1
Sepiella mangkangunga Reid & Lu, 1998a, 1998b 100.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0
Sepiella ocellata Pfeffer, 1884 50.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0
Sepiella ornata (Rang, 1837) 100.00 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Sepiella weberi Adam, 1939 70.00 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 0 0 0
  1. aGeographical occurrence removed for statistical exploration of data as the presence of Sepia dollfusi in the Mediterranean Sea is probably due to Lessepsian migration (see text)