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Table 1 List of scleractinian corals from the Vitznau Marl, Alpstein area, northeastern Switzerland, characteristics of their skeletal elements, their stratigraphic and geographic ranges, and paleoenvironmental occurrences reported from localities of both the Vitznau marl and elsewhere; corallite size: small = 2.5 mm or less; medium =  > 2.5 to 9 mm; large =  > 9 mm

From: Scleractinian corals from the Lower Cretaceous of the Alpstein area (Anthozoa; Vitznau Marl; lower Valanginian) and a preliminary comparison with contemporaneous coral assemblages

Vitznau species Corallite size and integration; corallum shape Paleoenvironmental occurrences Other geographic and stratigraphic-distributions (see text for further details)
Actinaraea tenuis Small, thamnasterioid; submassive to folios, subramose Reef, buildup, bioherm, lagoonal or restricted shallow subtidal, open marine Contemporaneous, and younger strata: Europe; younger strata: West Asia
Actinastrea pseudominima Small; cerioid, cerio-plocoid; small massive to subramose Reef, buildup, bioherm, perireef, subreef, shallow subtidal, lacustrine deltaic, shallow open marine Older and younger strata: Europe; younger strata: Asia, North Africa
Adelocoenia parvistella Small, plocoid; small massive Reef, patch-reef, back-reef area, shallow open marine Older strata: Asia, Europe
Aplosmilia semisulcata Medium; branching Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine Older strata: Asia, Europe
Axosmilia villersensis Large, solitary [no integration type]; conical Shallow subtidal, shallow open marine Contemporaneous and younger strata: Europe
Complexastrea zolleriana Large, astreoid, thamnasterioid; cerio-plocoid; subflabellate, plocoid, submeandroid; massive Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine Older strata: Asia, Europe
Cyathophora claudiensis Medium; plocoid, cerio-plocoid; massive Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine Older strata: Asia, Europe
Dermosmilia sp. Large; branching Genus known from reefal and non-reefal environments
Fungiastraea lamellosa Small–medium; thamnasterioid-submeandroid; massive Shallow subtidal, shallow open marine Younger strata: Europe
Heterocoenia inflexa Plocoid, cerio-plocoid; small; small submassive to subramose Reef, buildup, bioherm, lacustrine deltaic, shallow open marine Older, contemporaneous, younger strata: Europe
Latiastrea mucronata Medium; cerioid; small massive Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine, shallow subtidal, lacustrine deltaic Older, contemporaneous strata: Europe; younger strata: Europe, Central America, Asia
Montlivaltia truncata Large; solitary [no integration type]; conical Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine, lacustrine deltaic Older strata: Asia, Europe, North Africa
Placophyllia cf. dianthus Medium; branching Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine, lacustrine deltaic, shallow subtidal Older strata: Asia, Europe; contemporaneous strata: ?Europe
Placophyllia cf. florosa Large; branching Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine Older strata: Europe
Pleurophyllia ? tobleri Medium; branching Reef, buildup, bioherm, shallow open marine, lacustrine deltaic Older and contemporaneous strata: Europe
Stylophyllid indet Large; ?solitary [no integration type]; conical
Stylophyllopsis silingensis Medium; branching Shallow open marine Younger strata: Asia
Thamnoseris cf. carpathica Medium, (cerio)- thamnasterioid, massive Platform or shelf margin reef, shallow subtidal, open shallow subtidal, shallow open marine Younger strata: Asia, Europe