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Table 3 Results of bivariate correlation following Pearson’s correlation coefficient and Spearman’s rank coefficient for inflation and ornamentation intensity

From: Ecophenotypic variations of Encrinus liliiformis (Echinodermata: Crinoidea) from the middle Triassic Muschelkalk of Southwest Germany

  Crown length Brachia length IBr1 width IBr1 height IBr2 width IBr2 height IIBr1 width IIBr1 height Calyx diameter Rw width Rh height Ornam. onset Brachial quantity Inflation intensity
Brachia length
 Crailsheim 0.997**              
 Mistlau 0.998**              
 Neckarwestheim 0.998**                          
IBr1 width
 Crailsheim 0.924** 0.922**             
 Mistlau 0.770** 0.755**             
 Neckarwestheim 0.666** 0.646**                        
IBr1 height
 Crailsheim 0.841** 0.842** 0.881**            
 Mistlau 0.732* 0.739** 0.656*            
 Neckarwestheim 0.442* 0.437* 0.504**                      
IBr2 width
 Crailsheim 0.917** 0.919** 0.986** 0.882**           
 Mistlau 0.745** 0.726* 0.982** 0.668*           
 Neckarwestheim 0.708** 0.689** 0.981** 0.487**                    
IBr2 height
 Crailsheim 0.821** 0.820** 0.864** 0.819** 0.853**          
 Mistlau 0.822** 0.816** 0.869** 0.848** 0.883**          
 Neckarwestheim 0.772** 0.760** 0.692** 0.434* 0.720**                  
IIBr1 width  
 Crailsheim 0.909** 0.908** 0.960** 0.889** 0.946** 0.873**         
 Mistlau 0.823** 0.816** 0.884** 0.773** 0.892** 0.890**         
 Neckarwestheim 0.703** 0.684** 0.901** 0.372* 0.903** 0.751**                
IIBr1 height
 Crailsheim 0.777** 0.765** 0.765** 0.683** 0.736** 0.737** 0.785**        
 Mistlau 0.743** 0.720* 0.833** 0.557 0.829** 0.680* 0.731*        
 Neckarwestheim 0.681** 0.667** 0.686** 0.397* 0.714** 0.817** 0.768**              
Calyx diameter
 Crailsheim 0.899** 0.886** 0.938** 0.825** 0.909** 0.817** 0.914** 0.760**       
 Mistlau 0.641* 0.620* 0.955** 0.547 0.959** 0.791** 0.756** 0.862**       
 Neckarwestheim 0.596** 0.566** 0.923** 0.505** 0.915** 0.707** 0.875** 0.737**            
R width
 Crailsheim 0.912** 0.907** 0.977** 0.843** 0.962** 0.808** 0.941** 0.760** 0.949**      
 Mistlau 0.663* 0.642* 0.973** 0.584 0.975** 0.810** 0.802** 0.815** 0.984**      
 Neckarwestheim 0.689** 0.668** 0.924** 0.413* 0.922** 0.711** 0.946** 0.729** 0.922**          
R height  
 Crailsheim 0.803** 0.801** 0.828** 0.774** 0.812** 0.743** 0.826** 0.640** 0.812** 0.821**     
 Mistlau 0.754** 0.728* 0.912** 0.598 0.918** 0.871** 0.737** 0.769** 0.913** 0.919**     
 Neckarwestheim 0.295 0.276 0.597** 0.191 0.594** 0.451** 0.625** 0.577** 0.677** 0.649**        
Ornamentation onset
 Crailsheim 0.566** 0.533** 0.593** 0.494** 0.588** 0.427** 0.612** 0.389** 0.552** 0.634** 0.607**    
 Mistlau 0.661* 0.646* 0.371 0.487 0.411 0.628* 0.422 0.544 0.385 0.327 0.583    
 Neckarwestheim 0.546** 0.539** 0.493** 0.211 0.530** 0.448* 0.516** 0.575** 0.525** 0.524** 0.552**      
Brachial quantity
 Crailsheim 0.941** 0.936** 0.847** 0.724** 0.844** 0.736** 0.840** 0.728** 0.813** 0.839** 0.774** 0.529**   
 Mistlau 0.923** 0.925** 0.768** 0.638* 0.713* 0.786** 0.726* 0.763** 0.677* 0.663* 0.766** 0.709*   
 Neckarwestheim 0.889** 0.900** 0.492** 0.264 0.525** 0.542** 0.487** 0.434* 0.364* 0.503** 0.019 0.438*   
Inflation intensity
 Crailsheim −0.306 −0.313 −0.359** −0.339 −0.360** −0.235 −0.315* −0.103 −0.274 −0.304 −0.289* −0.369** −0.261  
 Mistlau 0.238 0.348 −0.052 −0.267 −0.162 −0.099 0.064 0.186 −0.157 −0.110 −0.017 0.070 0.178  
 Neckarwestheim −0.152 −0.152 −0.224 0.258 −0.232 −0.078 −0.228 −0.249 −0.130 −0.214 −0.219 −0.211 −0.200  
Ornam. intensity
 Crailsheim −0.103 −0.098 −0.076 −0.182 −0.097 −0.069 −0.038 −0.051 −0.119 −0.081 −0.088 −0.259 0.011 0.414**
 Mistlau −0.292 −0.224 −0.311 −0.428 −0.457 −0.545 −0.243 −0.165 −0.438 −0.457 −0.541 −0.627* −0.283 0.596
 Neckarwestheim 0.037 0.029 −0.029 −0.088 −0.022 −0.190 −0.018 −0.190 0.123 0.091 −0.055 0.007 −0.026 0.310
  1. * p = 0.05
  2. ** p = 0.01